Towards a comprehensive procedure for developing measurement scales for cross-cultural management research

M. Caramelli, F.J.R. van de Vijver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


A procedure for developing and testing measurement scales for use in cross-cultural comparative management research is described. The procedure emphasizes the combination of adequate instrument design if a new instrument is used or adequate adaptation procedures if working with an existing instrument and state-of-the-art statistical analyses (notably multigroup confirmatory factor analysis) to test the adequacy of the scales in all groups. The procedure is illustrated in a study of competitive orientation among French, Mexican, US and Italian employees of multinational corporations.
Keywords: comparative research, measurement equivalence, scale development procedure
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)150-163
JournalManagement International
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2013


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