Tracing the emergence of ICT-enabled human trafficking for ransom

Conny Rijken, Mirjam van Reisen, Zecarias Gerrima, Eyob Ghilazghy, Selam Kidane, Gertjan Van Stam

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterProfessional


A new form of the commoditization of human beings, called ‘human trafficking for ransom’, emerged in 2009. It involves the “abduction, extortion, sale, torture, sexual violation and killing of men, women and children” for the purpose of extortion (Van Reisen & Rijken, 2015, p. 1). This form of trafficking utilizes information and communication technologies (ICTs) as part of its modus operandi. How the technical innovations of ICTs relate to (and facilitate) this crime is important for a proper understanding of this new form of human trafficking. This chapter aims to shed light on this relationship.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRoutledge handbook of human trafficking
EditorsRyszard Piotrowicz, Conny Rijken, Baerbel Heide Uhl
Place of PublicationLondon - New York
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-315-70935-2
ISBN (Print)978-1-138-89206-4
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Publication series

NameRoutledge International Handbooks


  • human trafficking
  • trafficking victims
  • forced labour
  • modern slavery


Dive into the research topics of 'Tracing the emergence of ICT-enabled human trafficking for ransom'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this