Trajectories of self-control in a forensic psychiatric sample stability and association with psychopathology, criminal history, and recidivism

Eva Billen*, Carlo Garofalo, Jeroen Vermunt, Stefan Bogaerts

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

The current study examined trajectories of two indicators of self-control—impulsivity and coping skills—in 317 forensic psychiatric patients, as well as associations with psychopathology, crime, and recidivism. Violent recidivism was positively associated with coping skills at admission to the clinic and with impulsivity at discharge. Only a small correlation was found between self-control and criminal history, and there was no association with psychopathology. We found multiple trajectories of self-control using Latent Class Growth Models: more than 89% improving over time. In addition, patients with Cluster C personality disorders showed greater improvement in coping skills. Patients showing less improvement in impulsivity had greater rates of crime and recidivism. We conclude that self-control can be influenced by interventions or treatment, and that both starting values and trajectories of self-control provide valuable information. Interestingly, the associations between self-control and psychopathology, crime and recidivism were not as strong as reported in other populations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1255-1275
JournalCriminal Justice and Behavior
Volume46
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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self-control
psychopathology
history
coping
Impulsive Behavior
offense
personality disorder
Self-Control
Values

Keywords

  • AGGRESSION
  • GENERAL-THEORY
  • GOTTFREDSON
  • METAANALYSIS
  • coping
  • forensic psychology
  • impulsivity
  • mental health
  • risk factors
  • self-control
  • trajectories

Cite this

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title = "Trajectories of self-control in a forensic psychiatric sample stability and association with psychopathology, criminal history, and recidivism",
abstract = "The current study examined trajectories of two indicators of self-control—impulsivity and coping skills—in 317 forensic psychiatric patients, as well as associations with psychopathology, crime, and recidivism. Violent recidivism was positively associated with coping skills at admission to the clinic and with impulsivity at discharge. Only a small correlation was found between self-control and criminal history, and there was no association with psychopathology. We found multiple trajectories of self-control using Latent Class Growth Models: more than 89{\%} improving over time. In addition, patients with Cluster C personality disorders showed greater improvement in coping skills. Patients showing less improvement in impulsivity had greater rates of crime and recidivism. We conclude that self-control can be influenced by interventions or treatment, and that both starting values and trajectories of self-control provide valuable information. Interestingly, the associations between self-control and psychopathology, crime and recidivism were not as strong as reported in other populations.",
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T1 - Trajectories of self-control in a forensic psychiatric sample stability and association with psychopathology, criminal history, and recidivism

AU - Billen, Eva

AU - Garofalo, Carlo

AU - Vermunt, Jeroen

AU - Bogaerts, Stefan

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - The current study examined trajectories of two indicators of self-control—impulsivity and coping skills—in 317 forensic psychiatric patients, as well as associations with psychopathology, crime, and recidivism. Violent recidivism was positively associated with coping skills at admission to the clinic and with impulsivity at discharge. Only a small correlation was found between self-control and criminal history, and there was no association with psychopathology. We found multiple trajectories of self-control using Latent Class Growth Models: more than 89% improving over time. In addition, patients with Cluster C personality disorders showed greater improvement in coping skills. Patients showing less improvement in impulsivity had greater rates of crime and recidivism. We conclude that self-control can be influenced by interventions or treatment, and that both starting values and trajectories of self-control provide valuable information. Interestingly, the associations between self-control and psychopathology, crime and recidivism were not as strong as reported in other populations.

AB - The current study examined trajectories of two indicators of self-control—impulsivity and coping skills—in 317 forensic psychiatric patients, as well as associations with psychopathology, crime, and recidivism. Violent recidivism was positively associated with coping skills at admission to the clinic and with impulsivity at discharge. Only a small correlation was found between self-control and criminal history, and there was no association with psychopathology. We found multiple trajectories of self-control using Latent Class Growth Models: more than 89% improving over time. In addition, patients with Cluster C personality disorders showed greater improvement in coping skills. Patients showing less improvement in impulsivity had greater rates of crime and recidivism. We conclude that self-control can be influenced by interventions or treatment, and that both starting values and trajectories of self-control provide valuable information. Interestingly, the associations between self-control and psychopathology, crime and recidivism were not as strong as reported in other populations.

KW - AGGRESSION

KW - GENERAL-THEORY

KW - GOTTFREDSON

KW - METAANALYSIS

KW - coping

KW - forensic psychology

KW - impulsivity

KW - mental health

KW - risk factors

KW - self-control

KW - trajectories

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