Trends in mortality decrease and economic growth

G. Niu, B. Melenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)


The vast literature on extrapolative stochastic mortality models focuses mainly on the extrapolation of past mortality trends and summarizes the trends by one or more latent factors. However, the interpretation of these trends is typically not very clear. On the other hand, explanation methods are trying to link mortality dynamics with observable factors. This serves as an intermediate step between the two methods. We perform a comprehensive analysis on the relationship between the latent trend in mortality dynamics and the trend in economic growth represented by gross domestic product (GDP). Subsequently, the Lee-Carter framework is extended through the introduction of GDP as an additional factor next to the latent factor, which provides a better fit and better interpretable forecasts.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1755-1773
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2014


  • longevity
  • GDP per capita
  • Lee-Carter model


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