Type D personality as a risk factor in coronary heart disease: A review of current evidence

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleScientificpeer-review

12 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Purpose of the review: 

This review article synthesizes recent research findings on the psychological context of Type D personality and the mechanisms through which Type D affects disease progression and prognosis among patients with coronary heart disease (CHD).

Recent findings: 

One in four patients with CHD has a Distressed (Type D) personality, which is characterized by two stable traits: social inhibition and negative affectivity. Type D personality predicts increased mortality and morbidity burden, and poorer health-related quality of life. Type D is part of a family of psychosocial risk factors that affect CHD prognosis. The pattern of co-occurrence of these psychosocial factors and intra-individual differences in psychosocial profiles may affect risk prediction accuracy. Multiple biological and behavioral processes have been associated with Type D personality. 

Summary:

Identifying pathways explaining the observed associations between Type D personality and CHD is important to improve etiological and pathophysiological knowledge and to design personalized interventions, and targeting specific risk-associated pathways.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104
Number of pages8
JournalCurrent Cardiology Reports
Volume20
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Sep 2018

Fingerprint

Individuality

Keywords

  • Type D personality
  • Coronary heart disease
  • Heterogeneity
  • Risk profiles
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Cardiac mortality
  • Stress
  • Biobehavioral mechanisms
  • ARTERY-DISEASE
  • CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE
  • PLAQUE VULNERABILITY
  • PROGNOSTIC VALUE
  • CARDIAC EVENTS
  • ESSENTIAL-HYPERTENSION
  • SALIVARY CORTISOL
  • PREDICTIVE-VALUE
  • HEALTH-STATUS
  • ALL-CAUSE

Cite this

@article{9d0170ccbfdb487a8e0f399aa4388532,
title = "Type D personality as a risk factor in coronary heart disease: A review of current evidence",
abstract = "Purpose of the review: This review article synthesizes recent research findings on the psychological context of Type D personality and the mechanisms through which Type D affects disease progression and prognosis among patients with coronary heart disease (CHD).Recent findings: One in four patients with CHD has a Distressed (Type D) personality, which is characterized by two stable traits: social inhibition and negative affectivity. Type D personality predicts increased mortality and morbidity burden, and poorer health-related quality of life. Type D is part of a family of psychosocial risk factors that affect CHD prognosis. The pattern of co-occurrence of these psychosocial factors and intra-individual differences in psychosocial profiles may affect risk prediction accuracy. Multiple biological and behavioral processes have been associated with Type D personality. Summary:Identifying pathways explaining the observed associations between Type D personality and CHD is important to improve etiological and pathophysiological knowledge and to design personalized interventions, and targeting specific risk-associated pathways.",
keywords = "Type D personality, Coronary heart disease, Heterogeneity, Risk profiles, Atherosclerosis, Cardiac mortality, Stress, Biobehavioral mechanisms, ARTERY-DISEASE, CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE, PLAQUE VULNERABILITY, PROGNOSTIC VALUE, CARDIAC EVENTS, ESSENTIAL-HYPERTENSION, SALIVARY CORTISOL, PREDICTIVE-VALUE, HEALTH-STATUS, ALL-CAUSE",
author = "N. Kupper and J. Denollet",
year = "2018",
month = "9",
day = "12",
doi = "10.1007/s11886-018-1048-x",
language = "English",
volume = "20",
journal = "Current Cardiology Reports",
issn = "1523-3782",
publisher = "Current Medicine Group",
number = "11",

}

Type D personality as a risk factor in coronary heart disease : A review of current evidence. / Kupper, N.; Denollet, J.

In: Current Cardiology Reports, Vol. 20, No. 11, 104, 12.09.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Type D personality as a risk factor in coronary heart disease

T2 - A review of current evidence

AU - Kupper, N.

AU - Denollet, J.

PY - 2018/9/12

Y1 - 2018/9/12

N2 - Purpose of the review: This review article synthesizes recent research findings on the psychological context of Type D personality and the mechanisms through which Type D affects disease progression and prognosis among patients with coronary heart disease (CHD).Recent findings: One in four patients with CHD has a Distressed (Type D) personality, which is characterized by two stable traits: social inhibition and negative affectivity. Type D personality predicts increased mortality and morbidity burden, and poorer health-related quality of life. Type D is part of a family of psychosocial risk factors that affect CHD prognosis. The pattern of co-occurrence of these psychosocial factors and intra-individual differences in psychosocial profiles may affect risk prediction accuracy. Multiple biological and behavioral processes have been associated with Type D personality. Summary:Identifying pathways explaining the observed associations between Type D personality and CHD is important to improve etiological and pathophysiological knowledge and to design personalized interventions, and targeting specific risk-associated pathways.

AB - Purpose of the review: This review article synthesizes recent research findings on the psychological context of Type D personality and the mechanisms through which Type D affects disease progression and prognosis among patients with coronary heart disease (CHD).Recent findings: One in four patients with CHD has a Distressed (Type D) personality, which is characterized by two stable traits: social inhibition and negative affectivity. Type D personality predicts increased mortality and morbidity burden, and poorer health-related quality of life. Type D is part of a family of psychosocial risk factors that affect CHD prognosis. The pattern of co-occurrence of these psychosocial factors and intra-individual differences in psychosocial profiles may affect risk prediction accuracy. Multiple biological and behavioral processes have been associated with Type D personality. Summary:Identifying pathways explaining the observed associations between Type D personality and CHD is important to improve etiological and pathophysiological knowledge and to design personalized interventions, and targeting specific risk-associated pathways.

KW - Type D personality

KW - Coronary heart disease

KW - Heterogeneity

KW - Risk profiles

KW - Atherosclerosis

KW - Cardiac mortality

KW - Stress

KW - Biobehavioral mechanisms

KW - ARTERY-DISEASE

KW - CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE

KW - PLAQUE VULNERABILITY

KW - PROGNOSTIC VALUE

KW - CARDIAC EVENTS

KW - ESSENTIAL-HYPERTENSION

KW - SALIVARY CORTISOL

KW - PREDICTIVE-VALUE

KW - HEALTH-STATUS

KW - ALL-CAUSE

U2 - 10.1007/s11886-018-1048-x

DO - 10.1007/s11886-018-1048-x

M3 - Review article

VL - 20

JO - Current Cardiology Reports

JF - Current Cardiology Reports

SN - 1523-3782

IS - 11

M1 - 104

ER -