Type D personality in Russian patients with cardiovascular disease: Validity of the Russian DS14 (DS14-RU)

G. Pushkarev*, J. Denollet, V. Kuznetsov, V.R.M. Spek, E. Yaroslavskaya

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background.
Type D personality is associated with unfavorable outcomes in patients with cardiovascular diseases (CVD). However, there is no valid Type D Scale in Russian language. The purpose of the study was to examine the factor structure of a new Russian version of 14-item Type D Scale (DS14-RU), and to evaluate the reliability and construct validity of the DS14-RU in clinical research.

Methods.
The study included 929 participants, 496 (53.4%) of which had coronary artery disease, 195 (21.0%) congestive heart failure, 84 (9.0%) arterial hypertension and 154 (16.6%) were relatively healthy volunteers. The mean age was 57.5 years, 565 (60.8%) participants were males. The respondents filled out an extended Russian version of the Type D scale and new DS14-RU, as well as the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, Reeder Stress Inventory, and State-Trait Personality Inventory.

Results.
The new Russian version of DS14-RU was internally consistent with Cronbach’s α = .80 for both the negative affectivity and social inhibition subscales. The prevalence of Type D personality, as measured with the DS14-RU, was 21.4% among patients with CVD, and 20.0% among relatively healthy participants. The mean scores for anxiety, depression, psychosocial stress and anger were significantly higher in patients with Type D personality and they had significantly lower levels of social support and curiosity.

Conclusions.
The new DS14-RU is consistent with the original DS14 in terms of reliability, factor structure and construct validity. The DS14-RU can be used for the reliable assessment of Type D in Russian-speaking respondents.
Original languageEnglish
Article number78
Number of pages8
JournalBMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Volume19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • ASSOCIATION
  • Coronary artery disease
  • D SCALE DS14
  • HEART-DISEASE
  • NEGATIVE AFFECTIVITY
  • PREVALENCE
  • PSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTIES
  • Psychosocial factors
  • QUALITY-OF-LIFE
  • RISK-FACTORS
  • Reliability and validity
  • SOCIAL INHIBITION
  • Type D personality
  • VALIDATION

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