From a methodological perspective cross-cultural studies in psychology differ in three dimensions. First, cross-cultural psychological studies can be exploratory or test specific hypotheses. Second, some cross-cultural studies compare countries or ethnic groups while other cross-cultural studies relate specific characteristics of a country or ethnicity (e.g., socialization patterns or religiosity) to psychological variables. Third, studies can compare either constructs (e.g., do Chinese and Kenyans mean the same when they say that a person is intelligent?) or score levels (e.g., are Americans more extravert than Italians?). A classification of cross-cultural psychological studies, based on the three dimensions, is presented and examples are given.
|Title of host publication||Online Readings in Psychology and Culture|
|Editors||W.J. Lonner, D.L. Dinnel, S.A. Hayes, D.N. Sattler|
|Place of Publication||Bellingham, Washington USA|
|Publisher||Center for Cross-Cultural Research|
|Publication status||Published - 2003|
van de Vijver, F. J. R. (2003). Types of cross-cultural studies in cross-cultural psychology. In W. J. Lonner, D. L. Dinnel, S. A. Hayes, & D. N. Sattler (Eds.), Online Readings in Psychology and Culture Center for Cross-Cultural Research.