Types of cross-cultural studies in cross-cultural psychology

F.J.R. van de Vijver

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientific


    From a methodological perspective cross-cultural studies in psychology differ in three dimensions. First, cross-cultural psychological studies can be exploratory or test specific hypotheses. Second, some cross-cultural studies compare countries or ethnic groups while other cross-cultural studies relate specific characteristics of a country or ethnicity (e.g., socialization patterns or religiosity) to psychological variables. Third, studies can compare either constructs (e.g., do Chinese and Kenyans mean the same when they say that a person is intelligent?) or score levels (e.g., are Americans more extravert than Italians?). A classification of cross-cultural psychological studies, based on the three dimensions, is presented and examples are given.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationOnline Readings in Psychology and Culture
    EditorsW.J. Lonner, D.L. Dinnel, S.A. Hayes, D.N. Sattler
    Place of PublicationBellingham, Washington USA
    PublisherCenter for Cross-Cultural Research
    Publication statusPublished - 2003


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