Unique predictive power of other-rated personality: An 18-year longitudinal study

Ziyan Luan*, Astrid M. G. Poorthuis, Roos Hutteman, Jaap J. A. Denissen, Jens B. Asendorpf, Marcel A. G. van Aken

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

Objective

What is gained by having others report on one's personality? Research on adult samples has suggested that informant reports are especially informative regarding traits that are highly visible and evaluative (i.e., socially desirable/undesirable instead of neutral), such as Openness, Conscientiousness, and Agreeableness. This 18-year longitudinal study aims to demonstrate the unique predictive power of other-rated personality in adolescence, using life outcomes and personality in adulthood as trait criteria.

Method

We examined the unique predictive power of self- and other-rated Big Five personality traits at age 12 and 17 on self-rated life outcomes and personality at age 29 (e.g., educational achievement, work income, depression, moral transgressions, and relationship satisfaction). Participants were 186 German adolescents (53% boys), their parents and friends at age 12, and their mothers and fathers at age 17.

Results

Other-ratings showed unique predictive power beyond self-ratings for all Big Five traits, with the most consistent results for Openness, Conscientiousness, and Agreeableness.

Conclusions

Results demonstrate the added value of including other-reports on adolescent personality when predicting future life outcomes and personality, especially for highly visible and evaluative traits. The present study sheds light on the predictive power of self- versus other-rated personality and personality-outcome associations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)532-545
JournalJournal of Personality
Volume87
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • longitudinal study
  • personality
  • predictive power
  • rating
  • ATTACHMENT STYLES
  • TRAITS
  • CHILDHOOD
  • HEALTH
  • VALIDITY
  • ABILITY
  • LIFE
  • ADOLESCENCE
  • PERSPECTIVE
  • PERFORMANCE

Cite this

Luan, Z., Poorthuis, A. M. G., Hutteman, R., Denissen, J. J. A., Asendorpf, J. B., & van Aken, M. A. G. (2019). Unique predictive power of other-rated personality: An 18-year longitudinal study. Journal of Personality, 87(3), 532-545. https://doi.org/10.1111/jopy.12413
Luan, Ziyan ; Poorthuis, Astrid M. G. ; Hutteman, Roos ; Denissen, Jaap J. A. ; Asendorpf, Jens B. ; van Aken, Marcel A. G. / Unique predictive power of other-rated personality : An 18-year longitudinal study. In: Journal of Personality. 2019 ; Vol. 87, No. 3. pp. 532-545.
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abstract = "ObjectiveWhat is gained by having others report on one's personality? Research on adult samples has suggested that informant reports are especially informative regarding traits that are highly visible and evaluative (i.e., socially desirable/undesirable instead of neutral), such as Openness, Conscientiousness, and Agreeableness. This 18-year longitudinal study aims to demonstrate the unique predictive power of other-rated personality in adolescence, using life outcomes and personality in adulthood as trait criteria.MethodWe examined the unique predictive power of self- and other-rated Big Five personality traits at age 12 and 17 on self-rated life outcomes and personality at age 29 (e.g., educational achievement, work income, depression, moral transgressions, and relationship satisfaction). Participants were 186 German adolescents (53{\%} boys), their parents and friends at age 12, and their mothers and fathers at age 17.ResultsOther-ratings showed unique predictive power beyond self-ratings for all Big Five traits, with the most consistent results for Openness, Conscientiousness, and Agreeableness.ConclusionsResults demonstrate the added value of including other-reports on adolescent personality when predicting future life outcomes and personality, especially for highly visible and evaluative traits. The present study sheds light on the predictive power of self- versus other-rated personality and personality-outcome associations.",
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author = "Ziyan Luan and Poorthuis, {Astrid M. G.} and Roos Hutteman and Denissen, {Jaap J. A.} and Asendorpf, {Jens B.} and {van Aken}, {Marcel A. G.}",
year = "2019",
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Luan, Z, Poorthuis, AMG, Hutteman, R, Denissen, JJA, Asendorpf, JB & van Aken, MAG 2019, 'Unique predictive power of other-rated personality: An 18-year longitudinal study', Journal of Personality, vol. 87, no. 3, pp. 532-545. https://doi.org/10.1111/jopy.12413

Unique predictive power of other-rated personality : An 18-year longitudinal study. / Luan, Ziyan; Poorthuis, Astrid M. G.; Hutteman, Roos; Denissen, Jaap J. A.; Asendorpf, Jens B.; van Aken, Marcel A. G.

In: Journal of Personality, Vol. 87, No. 3, 2019, p. 532-545.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Unique predictive power of other-rated personality

T2 - An 18-year longitudinal study

AU - Luan, Ziyan

AU - Poorthuis, Astrid M. G.

AU - Hutteman, Roos

AU - Denissen, Jaap J. A.

AU - Asendorpf, Jens B.

AU - van Aken, Marcel A. G.

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - ObjectiveWhat is gained by having others report on one's personality? Research on adult samples has suggested that informant reports are especially informative regarding traits that are highly visible and evaluative (i.e., socially desirable/undesirable instead of neutral), such as Openness, Conscientiousness, and Agreeableness. This 18-year longitudinal study aims to demonstrate the unique predictive power of other-rated personality in adolescence, using life outcomes and personality in adulthood as trait criteria.MethodWe examined the unique predictive power of self- and other-rated Big Five personality traits at age 12 and 17 on self-rated life outcomes and personality at age 29 (e.g., educational achievement, work income, depression, moral transgressions, and relationship satisfaction). Participants were 186 German adolescents (53% boys), their parents and friends at age 12, and their mothers and fathers at age 17.ResultsOther-ratings showed unique predictive power beyond self-ratings for all Big Five traits, with the most consistent results for Openness, Conscientiousness, and Agreeableness.ConclusionsResults demonstrate the added value of including other-reports on adolescent personality when predicting future life outcomes and personality, especially for highly visible and evaluative traits. The present study sheds light on the predictive power of self- versus other-rated personality and personality-outcome associations.

AB - ObjectiveWhat is gained by having others report on one's personality? Research on adult samples has suggested that informant reports are especially informative regarding traits that are highly visible and evaluative (i.e., socially desirable/undesirable instead of neutral), such as Openness, Conscientiousness, and Agreeableness. This 18-year longitudinal study aims to demonstrate the unique predictive power of other-rated personality in adolescence, using life outcomes and personality in adulthood as trait criteria.MethodWe examined the unique predictive power of self- and other-rated Big Five personality traits at age 12 and 17 on self-rated life outcomes and personality at age 29 (e.g., educational achievement, work income, depression, moral transgressions, and relationship satisfaction). Participants were 186 German adolescents (53% boys), their parents and friends at age 12, and their mothers and fathers at age 17.ResultsOther-ratings showed unique predictive power beyond self-ratings for all Big Five traits, with the most consistent results for Openness, Conscientiousness, and Agreeableness.ConclusionsResults demonstrate the added value of including other-reports on adolescent personality when predicting future life outcomes and personality, especially for highly visible and evaluative traits. The present study sheds light on the predictive power of self- versus other-rated personality and personality-outcome associations.

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KW - personality

KW - predictive power

KW - rating

KW - ATTACHMENT STYLES

KW - TRAITS

KW - CHILDHOOD

KW - HEALTH

KW - VALIDITY

KW - ABILITY

KW - LIFE

KW - ADOLESCENCE

KW - PERSPECTIVE

KW - PERFORMANCE

U2 - 10.1111/jopy.12413

DO - 10.1111/jopy.12413

M3 - Article

VL - 87

SP - 532

EP - 545

JO - Journal of Personality

JF - Journal of Personality

SN - 0022-3506

IS - 3

ER -