Vengeance is self-focused

Comparing vengeful to anger-driven responses

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Prior definitions and empirical research do not distinguish responses to transgressions driven by feelings of revenge from responses to transgressions driven by feelings of anger. We used autobiographical recalls to examine differences between vengeful and anger-driven responses. Our findings revealed that vengeful responses are not the same as anger-driven responses. Compared to anger-driven responses, vengeful responses resulted more from offences that induce a self-threat, which elicited more intense negative self-conscious emotions and more rumination. Moreover, compared to anger-driven responses, vengeful responses consisted more of behaviours that induced a self-threat to the other person, were motivated more by intrapersonal goals, were more delayed, elicited more positive emotions and resulted in less relationship restoration. Together, these findings suggest that more so than anger-driven responses, vengeance is self-focused.
Keywords: Vengeance, Revenge, Feelings of revenge, Anger
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1239-1255
JournalCognition and Emotion
Volume29
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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Anger
Vengeance
Revenge
Threat
Emotion
Transgression
Key Words
Conscious
Rumination
Offence
Person
Empirical Research
Restoration

Cite this

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title = "Vengeance is self-focused: Comparing vengeful to anger-driven responses",
abstract = "Prior definitions and empirical research do not distinguish responses to transgressions driven by feelings of revenge from responses to transgressions driven by feelings of anger. We used autobiographical recalls to examine differences between vengeful and anger-driven responses. Our findings revealed that vengeful responses are not the same as anger-driven responses. Compared to anger-driven responses, vengeful responses resulted more from offences that induce a self-threat, which elicited more intense negative self-conscious emotions and more rumination. Moreover, compared to anger-driven responses, vengeful responses consisted more of behaviours that induced a self-threat to the other person, were motivated more by intrapersonal goals, were more delayed, elicited more positive emotions and resulted in less relationship restoration. Together, these findings suggest that more so than anger-driven responses, vengeance is self-focused.Keywords: Vengeance, Revenge, Feelings of revenge, Anger",
author = "M. Elshout and R.M.A. Nelissen and {van Beest}, I.",
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}

Vengeance is self-focused : Comparing vengeful to anger-driven responses. / Elshout, M.; Nelissen, R.M.A.; van Beest, I.

In: Cognition and Emotion, Vol. 29, No. 7, 2015, p. 1239-1255.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Vengeance is self-focused

T2 - Comparing vengeful to anger-driven responses

AU - Elshout, M.

AU - Nelissen, R.M.A.

AU - van Beest, I.

PY - 2015

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AB - Prior definitions and empirical research do not distinguish responses to transgressions driven by feelings of revenge from responses to transgressions driven by feelings of anger. We used autobiographical recalls to examine differences between vengeful and anger-driven responses. Our findings revealed that vengeful responses are not the same as anger-driven responses. Compared to anger-driven responses, vengeful responses resulted more from offences that induce a self-threat, which elicited more intense negative self-conscious emotions and more rumination. Moreover, compared to anger-driven responses, vengeful responses consisted more of behaviours that induced a self-threat to the other person, were motivated more by intrapersonal goals, were more delayed, elicited more positive emotions and resulted in less relationship restoration. Together, these findings suggest that more so than anger-driven responses, vengeance is self-focused.Keywords: Vengeance, Revenge, Feelings of revenge, Anger

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