Violent fantasies in young men with Autism Spectrum Disorders: Dangerous, or miserable misfits? Duty to protect whom?

M.T. Palermo , Stefan Bogaerts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Predictability of dangerousness in association with mental disorders remains elusive, outside of a few relatively well-established risk factors for the prognostication of violence, such as male sex, the presence of a psychotic disorder, and comorbid substance abuse. In clinical practice, inquiry into the presence of aggressive or violent ideation, in the form of ideas of homicide or suicide, is part of a standard mental status examination. Nonetheless, fantasy life, when it concerns harm toward others, may not be as reliable an indicator of imminent danger as it may be in the case of self-harm. Five cases of young Italian men with Asperger syndrome and recurrent and extremely violent femicide fantasies are presented. While there is no direct correlation between autism spectrum conditions and violence, as other humans, persons with an autistic condition are capable of committing crimes, including homicide. All five had in common a number of characteristics and behaviors felt to be pathoplastic: All had been bullied, all had been romantically rejected, all were long-standing First Person Shooter (FPS) game players, and all were avid violent pornography consumers. The potential for an actual neurocognitive impact of violent video games, well documented in the literature, and its combination with personal life history and chronic habituation following long-standing violent pornography use is discussed in the context of social and emotional vulnerabilities. While aggressive fantasies cannot and should not be underestimated, in countries where duty to protect legislation does not exist, a clinical approach is imperative, as, incidentally, should be anywhere.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)959–974
JournalInternational Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Volume61
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Fingerprint

Fantasy
Erotica
Asperger Syndrome
Video Games
Legislation
Autism Spectrum Disorder
Autism Spectrum Disorders
Pornography
Harm
Homicide

Cite this

@article{9effe5ea222b49dfb5d3d72db78369d6,
title = "Violent fantasies in young men with Autism Spectrum Disorders: Dangerous, or miserable misfits? Duty to protect whom?",
abstract = "Predictability of dangerousness in association with mental disorders remains elusive, outside of a few relatively well-established risk factors for the prognostication of violence, such as male sex, the presence of a psychotic disorder, and comorbid substance abuse. In clinical practice, inquiry into the presence of aggressive or violent ideation, in the form of ideas of homicide or suicide, is part of a standard mental status examination. Nonetheless, fantasy life, when it concerns harm toward others, may not be as reliable an indicator of imminent danger as it may be in the case of self-harm. Five cases of young Italian men with Asperger syndrome and recurrent and extremely violent femicide fantasies are presented. While there is no direct correlation between autism spectrum conditions and violence, as other humans, persons with an autistic condition are capable of committing crimes, including homicide. All five had in common a number of characteristics and behaviors felt to be pathoplastic: All had been bullied, all had been romantically rejected, all were long-standing First Person Shooter (FPS) game players, and all were avid violent pornography consumers. The potential for an actual neurocognitive impact of violent video games, well documented in the literature, and its combination with personal life history and chronic habituation following long-standing violent pornography use is discussed in the context of social and emotional vulnerabilities. While aggressive fantasies cannot and should not be underestimated, in countries where duty to protect legislation does not exist, a clinical approach is imperative, as, incidentally, should be anywhere.",
author = "M.T. Palermo and Stefan Bogaerts",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1177/0306624X15612719",
language = "English",
volume = "61",
pages = "959–974",
journal = "International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology",
issn = "0306-624X",
publisher = "Sage Publications, Inc.",
number = "9",

}

Violent fantasies in young men with Autism Spectrum Disorders : Dangerous, or miserable misfits? Duty to protect whom? / Palermo , M.T.; Bogaerts, Stefan.

In: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, Vol. 61, No. 9, 2017, p. 959–974.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Violent fantasies in young men with Autism Spectrum Disorders

T2 - Dangerous, or miserable misfits? Duty to protect whom?

AU - Palermo , M.T.

AU - Bogaerts, Stefan

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Predictability of dangerousness in association with mental disorders remains elusive, outside of a few relatively well-established risk factors for the prognostication of violence, such as male sex, the presence of a psychotic disorder, and comorbid substance abuse. In clinical practice, inquiry into the presence of aggressive or violent ideation, in the form of ideas of homicide or suicide, is part of a standard mental status examination. Nonetheless, fantasy life, when it concerns harm toward others, may not be as reliable an indicator of imminent danger as it may be in the case of self-harm. Five cases of young Italian men with Asperger syndrome and recurrent and extremely violent femicide fantasies are presented. While there is no direct correlation between autism spectrum conditions and violence, as other humans, persons with an autistic condition are capable of committing crimes, including homicide. All five had in common a number of characteristics and behaviors felt to be pathoplastic: All had been bullied, all had been romantically rejected, all were long-standing First Person Shooter (FPS) game players, and all were avid violent pornography consumers. The potential for an actual neurocognitive impact of violent video games, well documented in the literature, and its combination with personal life history and chronic habituation following long-standing violent pornography use is discussed in the context of social and emotional vulnerabilities. While aggressive fantasies cannot and should not be underestimated, in countries where duty to protect legislation does not exist, a clinical approach is imperative, as, incidentally, should be anywhere.

AB - Predictability of dangerousness in association with mental disorders remains elusive, outside of a few relatively well-established risk factors for the prognostication of violence, such as male sex, the presence of a psychotic disorder, and comorbid substance abuse. In clinical practice, inquiry into the presence of aggressive or violent ideation, in the form of ideas of homicide or suicide, is part of a standard mental status examination. Nonetheless, fantasy life, when it concerns harm toward others, may not be as reliable an indicator of imminent danger as it may be in the case of self-harm. Five cases of young Italian men with Asperger syndrome and recurrent and extremely violent femicide fantasies are presented. While there is no direct correlation between autism spectrum conditions and violence, as other humans, persons with an autistic condition are capable of committing crimes, including homicide. All five had in common a number of characteristics and behaviors felt to be pathoplastic: All had been bullied, all had been romantically rejected, all were long-standing First Person Shooter (FPS) game players, and all were avid violent pornography consumers. The potential for an actual neurocognitive impact of violent video games, well documented in the literature, and its combination with personal life history and chronic habituation following long-standing violent pornography use is discussed in the context of social and emotional vulnerabilities. While aggressive fantasies cannot and should not be underestimated, in countries where duty to protect legislation does not exist, a clinical approach is imperative, as, incidentally, should be anywhere.

U2 - 10.1177/0306624X15612719

DO - 10.1177/0306624X15612719

M3 - Article

VL - 61

SP - 959

EP - 974

JO - International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology

JF - International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology

SN - 0306-624X

IS - 9

ER -