Waarom er minder empirisch bewijs bestaat voor de contacttheorie dan velen beweren

Een kwantitatieve cultuursociologische kritiek

Katerina Manevska, Peter Achterberg, Dick Houtman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

The finding that ethnic prejudice is particularly weakly developed among those with interethnic friendships is often construed as confirming the so-called ‘contact theory,’ which holds that interethnic contact reduces racial prejudice. This theory raises cultural–sociological suspicions, however, because of its tendency to reduce culture to an allegedly ‘more fundamental’ realm of social interaction. Analyzing data from the first wave of the European Social Survey, we therefore test the theory alongside an alternative cultural–sociological theory about culturally driven processes of contact selection. We find that whereas interethnic friendships are indeed culturally driven, which confirms our cultural–sociological theory, contacts with neighbors and colleagues do indeed affect ethnic prejudice. They moreover do so in a manner that is more complex and culturally sensitive than contact theory suggests: while positive cultural stances vis-à-vis ethnic diversity lead interethnic contact to decrease ethnic prejudice, negative ones rather lead the former to increase the latter.
Original languageEnglish
JournalSociologie
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2019

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@article{ca85f786089b4403a1d99f6fa4f41029,
title = "Waarom er minder empirisch bewijs bestaat voor de contacttheorie dan velen beweren: Een kwantitatieve cultuursociologische kritiek",
abstract = "The finding that ethnic prejudice is particularly weakly developed among those with interethnic friendships is often construed as confirming the so-called ‘contact theory,’ which holds that interethnic contact reduces racial prejudice. This theory raises cultural–sociological suspicions, however, because of its tendency to reduce culture to an allegedly ‘more fundamental’ realm of social interaction. Analyzing data from the first wave of the European Social Survey, we therefore test the theory alongside an alternative cultural–sociological theory about culturally driven processes of contact selection. We find that whereas interethnic friendships are indeed culturally driven, which confirms our cultural–sociological theory, contacts with neighbors and colleagues do indeed affect ethnic prejudice. They moreover do so in a manner that is more complex and culturally sensitive than contact theory suggests: while positive cultural stances vis-{\`a}-vis ethnic diversity lead interethnic contact to decrease ethnic prejudice, negative ones rather lead the former to increase the latter.",
author = "Katerina Manevska and Peter Achterberg and Dick Houtman",
note = "Dit paper is een Nederlandse bewerking van: Manevska, K., Achterberg, P. en D. Houtman (2018). Why There is Less Supportive Evidence for Contact Theory Than They Say There is. A Quantitative CulturalSociological Critique. American Journal of Cultural Sociology, 6(2): 296-321.",
year = "2019",
language = "English",
journal = "Sociologie",
issn = "1574-3314",

}

Waarom er minder empirisch bewijs bestaat voor de contacttheorie dan velen beweren : Een kwantitatieve cultuursociologische kritiek. / Manevska, Katerina ; Achterberg, Peter; Houtman, Dick.

In: Sociologie, 2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Waarom er minder empirisch bewijs bestaat voor de contacttheorie dan velen beweren

T2 - Een kwantitatieve cultuursociologische kritiek

AU - Manevska, Katerina

AU - Achterberg, Peter

AU - Houtman, Dick

N1 - Dit paper is een Nederlandse bewerking van: Manevska, K., Achterberg, P. en D. Houtman (2018). Why There is Less Supportive Evidence for Contact Theory Than They Say There is. A Quantitative CulturalSociological Critique. American Journal of Cultural Sociology, 6(2): 296-321.

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - The finding that ethnic prejudice is particularly weakly developed among those with interethnic friendships is often construed as confirming the so-called ‘contact theory,’ which holds that interethnic contact reduces racial prejudice. This theory raises cultural–sociological suspicions, however, because of its tendency to reduce culture to an allegedly ‘more fundamental’ realm of social interaction. Analyzing data from the first wave of the European Social Survey, we therefore test the theory alongside an alternative cultural–sociological theory about culturally driven processes of contact selection. We find that whereas interethnic friendships are indeed culturally driven, which confirms our cultural–sociological theory, contacts with neighbors and colleagues do indeed affect ethnic prejudice. They moreover do so in a manner that is more complex and culturally sensitive than contact theory suggests: while positive cultural stances vis-à-vis ethnic diversity lead interethnic contact to decrease ethnic prejudice, negative ones rather lead the former to increase the latter.

AB - The finding that ethnic prejudice is particularly weakly developed among those with interethnic friendships is often construed as confirming the so-called ‘contact theory,’ which holds that interethnic contact reduces racial prejudice. This theory raises cultural–sociological suspicions, however, because of its tendency to reduce culture to an allegedly ‘more fundamental’ realm of social interaction. Analyzing data from the first wave of the European Social Survey, we therefore test the theory alongside an alternative cultural–sociological theory about culturally driven processes of contact selection. We find that whereas interethnic friendships are indeed culturally driven, which confirms our cultural–sociological theory, contacts with neighbors and colleagues do indeed affect ethnic prejudice. They moreover do so in a manner that is more complex and culturally sensitive than contact theory suggests: while positive cultural stances vis-à-vis ethnic diversity lead interethnic contact to decrease ethnic prejudice, negative ones rather lead the former to increase the latter.

M3 - Article

JO - Sociologie

JF - Sociologie

SN - 1574-3314

ER -