What makes couples happy? Marital and life satisfaction among ethnic groups in the Netherlands

O. Celenk, F.J.R. van de Vijver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

This study examines predictors of life satisfaction that are more distal (spousal normative beliefs and attitudes) and more proximal (marital satisfaction) in 404 mainstreamers, 375 Western, and 195 non-Western immigrants living in the Netherlands. In the immigrant groups, we used ethnic and mainstream identity and perceived discrimination as distal predictors. Results revealed that path models in which proximal variables mediated the relation between distal variables and outcomes were valid in all groups. Significant, yet small group differences were found between the non-Western immigrants and Western immigrants on all scales (to a lesser extent between non-Western immigrants and mainstreamers). Traditional marital types and perceived discrimination were more prevailing in the non-Western group, whereas a harmonious marital type, mainstream identity, and marital satisfaction were more salient in the Western group. The mainstream Dutch group was similar to the Western group in all marriage-related aspects. Validity of marriage models were discussed in light of a bottom-up approach to life satisfaction. Group differences and similarities were discussed in terms of differences in family formation and structure as well as adjustment to the Dutch society.
Keywords: acculturation, immigrants, life satisfaction, marital satisfaction, spousal attitudes, spousal normative beliefs, the Netherlands
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1275-1293
JournalJournal of Cross-Cultural Psychology
Volume44
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Netherlands
ethnic group
immigrant
Group
Marriage
discrimination
marriage
Acculturation
family formation
family structure
acculturation
small group

Cite this

@article{6f3f5d8650434977b8e7b93b816ca109,
title = "What makes couples happy? Marital and life satisfaction among ethnic groups in the Netherlands",
abstract = "This study examines predictors of life satisfaction that are more distal (spousal normative beliefs and attitudes) and more proximal (marital satisfaction) in 404 mainstreamers, 375 Western, and 195 non-Western immigrants living in the Netherlands. In the immigrant groups, we used ethnic and mainstream identity and perceived discrimination as distal predictors. Results revealed that path models in which proximal variables mediated the relation between distal variables and outcomes were valid in all groups. Significant, yet small group differences were found between the non-Western immigrants and Western immigrants on all scales (to a lesser extent between non-Western immigrants and mainstreamers). Traditional marital types and perceived discrimination were more prevailing in the non-Western group, whereas a harmonious marital type, mainstream identity, and marital satisfaction were more salient in the Western group. The mainstream Dutch group was similar to the Western group in all marriage-related aspects. Validity of marriage models were discussed in light of a bottom-up approach to life satisfaction. Group differences and similarities were discussed in terms of differences in family formation and structure as well as adjustment to the Dutch society.Keywords: acculturation, immigrants, life satisfaction, marital satisfaction, spousal attitudes, spousal normative beliefs, the Netherlands",
author = "O. Celenk and {van de Vijver}, F.J.R.",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.1177/0022022113486003",
language = "English",
volume = "44",
pages = "1275--1293",
journal = "Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology",
issn = "0022-0221",
publisher = "Sage Publications, Inc.",
number = "8",

}

What makes couples happy? Marital and life satisfaction among ethnic groups in the Netherlands. / Celenk, O.; van de Vijver, F.J.R.

In: Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, Vol. 44, No. 8, 2013, p. 1275-1293.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - What makes couples happy? Marital and life satisfaction among ethnic groups in the Netherlands

AU - Celenk, O.

AU - van de Vijver, F.J.R.

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - This study examines predictors of life satisfaction that are more distal (spousal normative beliefs and attitudes) and more proximal (marital satisfaction) in 404 mainstreamers, 375 Western, and 195 non-Western immigrants living in the Netherlands. In the immigrant groups, we used ethnic and mainstream identity and perceived discrimination as distal predictors. Results revealed that path models in which proximal variables mediated the relation between distal variables and outcomes were valid in all groups. Significant, yet small group differences were found between the non-Western immigrants and Western immigrants on all scales (to a lesser extent between non-Western immigrants and mainstreamers). Traditional marital types and perceived discrimination were more prevailing in the non-Western group, whereas a harmonious marital type, mainstream identity, and marital satisfaction were more salient in the Western group. The mainstream Dutch group was similar to the Western group in all marriage-related aspects. Validity of marriage models were discussed in light of a bottom-up approach to life satisfaction. Group differences and similarities were discussed in terms of differences in family formation and structure as well as adjustment to the Dutch society.Keywords: acculturation, immigrants, life satisfaction, marital satisfaction, spousal attitudes, spousal normative beliefs, the Netherlands

AB - This study examines predictors of life satisfaction that are more distal (spousal normative beliefs and attitudes) and more proximal (marital satisfaction) in 404 mainstreamers, 375 Western, and 195 non-Western immigrants living in the Netherlands. In the immigrant groups, we used ethnic and mainstream identity and perceived discrimination as distal predictors. Results revealed that path models in which proximal variables mediated the relation between distal variables and outcomes were valid in all groups. Significant, yet small group differences were found between the non-Western immigrants and Western immigrants on all scales (to a lesser extent between non-Western immigrants and mainstreamers). Traditional marital types and perceived discrimination were more prevailing in the non-Western group, whereas a harmonious marital type, mainstream identity, and marital satisfaction were more salient in the Western group. The mainstream Dutch group was similar to the Western group in all marriage-related aspects. Validity of marriage models were discussed in light of a bottom-up approach to life satisfaction. Group differences and similarities were discussed in terms of differences in family formation and structure as well as adjustment to the Dutch society.Keywords: acculturation, immigrants, life satisfaction, marital satisfaction, spousal attitudes, spousal normative beliefs, the Netherlands

U2 - 10.1177/0022022113486003

DO - 10.1177/0022022113486003

M3 - Article

VL - 44

SP - 1275

EP - 1293

JO - Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology

JF - Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology

SN - 0022-0221

IS - 8

ER -