Who is bullying whom in ethnically diverse primary schools?

Exploring links between bullying, ethnicity, and ethnic diversity in Dutch primary schools

J. Tolsma, I.A. Pop, T.H. Stark, R. Veenstra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

This study investigated associations between ethnicity, ethnic diversity, and bullying among 739 pupils enrolled in their last year of primary school. Hypotheses derived from social misfit and inter-ethnic relations theories were tested using the multilevel p2 model. Our key findings were: (1) inter- and intra-ethnic bullying are just as common in ethnically heterogeneous as in homogeneous classes; (2) pupils belonging to the Turkish and Moroccan minority groups bully significantly more than native Dutch (in particular according to victims); the chance to be victimized does not depend on the ethnic background of the pupil; (3) the prevalence of inter- and intra-ethnic bullying depends on the level of ethnic diversity in the class; inter-ethnic and intra-ethnic bullying increase with increasing levels of ethnic diversity.
Highlights
► Inter-ethnic bullying is not more common than intra-ethnic bullying in ethnically diverse Dutch primary schools.
► Pupils belonging to the Turkish and Moroccan minority groups bully significantly more than native Dutch.
► The chance to be victimized does not depend on the ethnic background of the pupil.
► Inter-ethnic and intra-ethnic bullying increase with increasing levels of ethnic diversity.
Keywords: Bullying, Elementary school students, Ethnic diversity, Inter-ethnic relations, Multilevel p2 model, Social networks
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51-61
JournalSocial Networks
Volume35
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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Cite this

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title = "Who is bullying whom in ethnically diverse primary schools?: Exploring links between bullying, ethnicity, and ethnic diversity in Dutch primary schools",
abstract = "This study investigated associations between ethnicity, ethnic diversity, and bullying among 739 pupils enrolled in their last year of primary school. Hypotheses derived from social misfit and inter-ethnic relations theories were tested using the multilevel p2 model. Our key findings were: (1) inter- and intra-ethnic bullying are just as common in ethnically heterogeneous as in homogeneous classes; (2) pupils belonging to the Turkish and Moroccan minority groups bully significantly more than native Dutch (in particular according to victims); the chance to be victimized does not depend on the ethnic background of the pupil; (3) the prevalence of inter- and intra-ethnic bullying depends on the level of ethnic diversity in the class; inter-ethnic and intra-ethnic bullying increase with increasing levels of ethnic diversity.Highlights► Inter-ethnic bullying is not more common than intra-ethnic bullying in ethnically diverse Dutch primary schools. ► Pupils belonging to the Turkish and Moroccan minority groups bully significantly more than native Dutch. ► The chance to be victimized does not depend on the ethnic background of the pupil. ► Inter-ethnic and intra-ethnic bullying increase with increasing levels of ethnic diversity.Keywords: Bullying, Elementary school students, Ethnic diversity, Inter-ethnic relations, Multilevel p2 model, Social networks",
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year = "2013",
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language = "English",
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Who is bullying whom in ethnically diverse primary schools? Exploring links between bullying, ethnicity, and ethnic diversity in Dutch primary schools. / Tolsma, J.; Pop, I.A.; Stark, T.H.; Veenstra, R.

In: Social Networks, Vol. 35, No. 1, 2013, p. 51-61.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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N2 - This study investigated associations between ethnicity, ethnic diversity, and bullying among 739 pupils enrolled in their last year of primary school. Hypotheses derived from social misfit and inter-ethnic relations theories were tested using the multilevel p2 model. Our key findings were: (1) inter- and intra-ethnic bullying are just as common in ethnically heterogeneous as in homogeneous classes; (2) pupils belonging to the Turkish and Moroccan minority groups bully significantly more than native Dutch (in particular according to victims); the chance to be victimized does not depend on the ethnic background of the pupil; (3) the prevalence of inter- and intra-ethnic bullying depends on the level of ethnic diversity in the class; inter-ethnic and intra-ethnic bullying increase with increasing levels of ethnic diversity.Highlights► Inter-ethnic bullying is not more common than intra-ethnic bullying in ethnically diverse Dutch primary schools. ► Pupils belonging to the Turkish and Moroccan minority groups bully significantly more than native Dutch. ► The chance to be victimized does not depend on the ethnic background of the pupil. ► Inter-ethnic and intra-ethnic bullying increase with increasing levels of ethnic diversity.Keywords: Bullying, Elementary school students, Ethnic diversity, Inter-ethnic relations, Multilevel p2 model, Social networks

AB - This study investigated associations between ethnicity, ethnic diversity, and bullying among 739 pupils enrolled in their last year of primary school. Hypotheses derived from social misfit and inter-ethnic relations theories were tested using the multilevel p2 model. Our key findings were: (1) inter- and intra-ethnic bullying are just as common in ethnically heterogeneous as in homogeneous classes; (2) pupils belonging to the Turkish and Moroccan minority groups bully significantly more than native Dutch (in particular according to victims); the chance to be victimized does not depend on the ethnic background of the pupil; (3) the prevalence of inter- and intra-ethnic bullying depends on the level of ethnic diversity in the class; inter-ethnic and intra-ethnic bullying increase with increasing levels of ethnic diversity.Highlights► Inter-ethnic bullying is not more common than intra-ethnic bullying in ethnically diverse Dutch primary schools. ► Pupils belonging to the Turkish and Moroccan minority groups bully significantly more than native Dutch. ► The chance to be victimized does not depend on the ethnic background of the pupil. ► Inter-ethnic and intra-ethnic bullying increase with increasing levels of ethnic diversity.Keywords: Bullying, Elementary school students, Ethnic diversity, Inter-ethnic relations, Multilevel p2 model, Social networks

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