Who is prejudiced, and toward whom?

The Big Five traits and generalized prejudice

J.T. Crawford*, M.J. Brandt

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Meta-analyses show that low levels of Openness and Agreeableness correlate with generalized prejudice. However, previous studies narrowly assessed prejudice toward low-status, disadvantaged groups. Using a broad operationalization of generalized prejudice toward a heterogeneous array of targets, we sought to answer two questions: (a) Are some types of people prejudiced against most types of groups? and (b) Are some types of people prejudiced against certain types of groups? Across four samples (N = 7,543), Openness was very weakly related to broad generalized prejudice, r = -.03, 95% confidence interval (CI) [-.07, -.001], whereas low Agreeableness was reliably associated with broad generalized prejudice, r = -.23, 95% CI [-.31, -.16]. When target characteristics moderated relationships between Big Five traits and prejudice, they implied that perceiver-target dissimilarity on personality traits explains prejudice. Importantly, the relationship between Agreeableness and prejudice remained robust across target groups, suggesting it is the personality trait orienting people toward (dis)liking of others.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1455-1467
JournalPersonality and Social Psychology Bulletin
Volume45
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2019

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Confidence Intervals
Vulnerable Populations

Keywords

  • AGREEABLENESS
  • Big Five
  • DIMENSIONS
  • EXPERIENCE
  • INTOLERANCE
  • LIBERALS
  • MIND
  • OPENNESS
  • PERSONALITY
  • SOCIAL-DOMINANCE ORIENTATION
  • STEREOTYPE CONTENT
  • agreeableness
  • generalized prejudice
  • openness
  • prejudice

Cite this

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title = "Who is prejudiced, and toward whom?: The Big Five traits and generalized prejudice",
abstract = "Meta-analyses show that low levels of Openness and Agreeableness correlate with generalized prejudice. However, previous studies narrowly assessed prejudice toward low-status, disadvantaged groups. Using a broad operationalization of generalized prejudice toward a heterogeneous array of targets, we sought to answer two questions: (a) Are some types of people prejudiced against most types of groups? and (b) Are some types of people prejudiced against certain types of groups? Across four samples (N = 7,543), Openness was very weakly related to broad generalized prejudice, r = -.03, 95{\%} confidence interval (CI) [-.07, -.001], whereas low Agreeableness was reliably associated with broad generalized prejudice, r = -.23, 95{\%} CI [-.31, -.16]. When target characteristics moderated relationships between Big Five traits and prejudice, they implied that perceiver-target dissimilarity on personality traits explains prejudice. Importantly, the relationship between Agreeableness and prejudice remained robust across target groups, suggesting it is the personality trait orienting people toward (dis)liking of others.",
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Who is prejudiced, and toward whom? The Big Five traits and generalized prejudice. / Crawford, J.T.; Brandt, M.J.

In: Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, Vol. 45, No. 10, 10.2019, p. 1455-1467.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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